Pinyin Lessons Study Material GoodChinese
An unaspirated voiceless bladealvolar-affricate. It is pronounced by putting forward the tongue to block the air with its tip against the upper teeth ridge, and then dropping the tip to release the air with friction through the narrow passage. The vocal cords do not vibrate.
An aspiratded blade-alveolar affricate. It is an aspirated equivalent of [z].
A voiceless blade-alveolar fricative. It is produced by putting forward the tongue tip to a position close to the upper teeth ridge to make a narrow passage for the air to run out through with friction.