Pinyin Lessons Study Material GoodChinese
An unaspirated voiceless blade-palatal affricate. It is pronounced by turning up the tongue tip against the front part of the hard palate to block the air and then releasing it through the narrowing of the air passage between the tongue tip and the hard palate. The vocal cords do not vibrate.
An aspirated voiceless blade-palatal affricate. It is pronounced in position of "zh", but the air should be forced out through the narrow passage. The vocal cords do not vibrate. It is an aspirated equivalent of "zh".
A voiceless blade-palatal fricative. It is pronounced by turning up the tongue tip close to the hard palate to make a narrow passage through which the air escapes with friction. The vocal cords do not vibrate.
A voiced blade-palatal fricative. It is pronunced in position for "sh" ,but the friction is soft. The vocal cords vibrate.