第五课 那是谁Lesson 5 Who is that person

《第五课 那是谁》 Lesson 5 Who is that person

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背景:Still in the party, Panpan and Tom′s aunt is talking about the host of the party.
盼盼:那是谁?(指着台上的主持人问)
Aunt: 那是我朋友。
盼盼:他是老师吗?(主持人可以制作得文质彬彬一点)
Aunt: 他不是老师,他是医生。
盼盼:他是哪国人?
Aunt: 他是法国人。

Tom: Were you talking about someone ?
盼盼:Yeah. I wondered who is that host. So I asked” 那是谁?” .”那” refers to that man, we aslo use "这zhè" to refers to "this". “是” means “to be”. ”谁” is “who”.
Tom: I know. That man is my aunt′s friend. He is a doctor.
盼盼:Yes. So your aunt said “那是我朋友”which means “That is my friend”. I thought he is a teacher. So I asked “他是老师吗?” which means “Is he a teacher?” But I got a reply that “他不是老师,他是医生。”which means “He is not a teacher, he is a doctor.”
Tom: Oh, I get it. But what′s the meaning of last two sentences you said?
盼盼:The meaning of “他是哪国人?”is “Which country does he come from?.” Your anut answer me”他是法国人。” “法国人” is “French”.
Tom: Panpan, I found that the word order of your questions is the same as that of the answers. We just need to replace the part being questioned of a declarative sentence with an interrogative pronoun. Then we will get an interrogative sentence.
盼盼:You are so great! You get the point.
Tom: Haha. I learned so much today. Thank you, Panpan.
盼盼:My pleasure! But can you remember all of them? Let′s have a review.

(重新放一遍刚才的对话)
盼盼:那是谁?(指着台上的主持人问)
Aunt:那是我朋友。
盼盼:他是老师吗?(主持人可以制作得文质彬彬一点)
Aunt:他不是老师,他是医生。
盼盼:他是哪国人?
Aunt:他是法国人。

(盼盼在黑板旁边做最后的总结)
盼盼:At last, please follow me to read the key sentences.
那是谁? Who is that person?
那是我朋友。 That is my friend.
他是老师吗? Is he a teacher?
他不是老师。 He is not a teacher.
他是医生。 He is a doctor.
他是哪国人? Which country does he come from?
他是法国人。 He is a French.

Now, do you master all of these sentences? Don′t forget to review , please.
Goodbye, everyone. See you next time!


  • 1. 那是谁?
    Pinyin:   nà shì shuí ? Meaning: Who is that person?
  • 2. 那是我朋友。
    Pinyin:   nà shì wǒ péngyou 。 Meaning: That is my friend.
  • 3. 他是老师吗?
    Pinyin:   tā shì lǎoshī ma ? Meaning: Is he a teacher?
  • 4. 他不是老师。
    Pinyin:   tā bú shì lǎoshī Meaning: He is not a teacher.
  • 5. 他是医生。
    Pinyin:   tā shì yīshēng 。 Meaning: he is a doctor.
  • 6. 他是哪国人?
    Pinyin:   tā shì nǎ guó rén ? Meaning: Which country does he come from?
  • 7. 他是法国人。
    Pinyin:   tā shì Fǎguó rén ? Meaning: He is a French.

  • 1. 那    nà
    Pronoun. Meaning: that
  • 2. 是    shì
    Verb. Meaning: to be
  • 3. 谁    shuí
    Question Pronoun. Meaning: who,whom
  • 4. 朋友    péngyou
    Noun. Meaning: friend
  • 5. 老师    lǎoshī
    Noun. Meaning: teacher
  • 6. 医生    yīshēng
    Noun. Meaning: doctor
  • 7. 哪    nǎ
    Question Pronoun. Meaning: which
  • 8. 国    guó
    Noun. Meaning: country,nation
  • 9. 人    rén
    Noun. Meaning: people,person
  • 10. 法国    Fǎguó
    Noun. Meaning: French
  • 11. 这    zhè
    Pronoun. Meaning: this
  • 12. 学生    xuésheng
    Noun. Meaning: student
  • 13. 书    shū
    Noun. Meaning: book


  • 1. “是”字句(1) The “是” sentence(1)
    Meaning:       A sentence with the verb “是” and other words or phrases constituting its predicate is known as the “是”sentence. Its negative counterpart is formed by putting the negative adverb "不" before “是”.
    Example:    

    1.   我是老师

        Pinyin: wǒ shì lǎoshī。

        Meaning: I′m a teacher.


    2.   他不是学生

        Pinyin: tā bú shì xuésheng。 

        Meaning: He is not a student.

  • 2. 表示领属关系的定语 The attributive genitive
    Meaning:       1、When a personal pronoun or a noun is used as an attributive genitive,it generally takes the structural particle “的”. 2、When a personal pronoun is used as an attributive and the headword is a kin term or an institutional one, “的”may be omitted in the attributive.
    Example:    

    1.   他的书

        Pinyin: tā de shū

        Meaning: his book


    2.   林老师的学生

        Pinyin: lín lǎoshī de xuésheng

        Meaning: Teacher Lin′s student


    3.   我朋友

        Pinyin: wǒ péngyou

        Meaning: my friend


    4.   他爸爸

        Pinyin: tā bàbɑ

        Meaning: his father


    5.   他爸爸

        Pinyin: tā bàbɑ

        Meaning: his father

  • 3. “法国”和“法国人” "France" and "French people"
    Meaning:       To indicate the nationality of an individual, the character "人rén(people)"is usually placed after the name of his/her motherland.
    Example:    

    1.   中国 → 中国人

        Pinyin: zhōngguó →zhōngguó rén 

        Meaning: China → Chinese people


    2.   美国 → 美国人

        Pinyin: měi guó → měi guó rén 

        Meaning: America → American people


  • 1. Select the wrong one.
    A. 法国(fà guó)

    B. 朋友(péng yǒu)

    C. 谁(shuí)

    D. 学生(xué shēng)

  • 2. Select the wrong one.
    A. 那(nà)

    B. 哪(nà)

    C. 医生(yī shēng)

    D. 是(shì)

  • 3. What's meaning of “他是哪国人?”
    A. What's his name?

    B. What's his job?

    C. Who is he?

    D. Where does he come from?

  • 4. What's meaning of “老师”?
    A. doctor

    B. student

    C. teacher

    D. Franch

  • 5. Select the right answer fill in the blank: A:你是哪国人? B:__________.
    A. 我是法国人

    B. 我是医生

    C. 我是学生

    D. 我叫盼盼

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