第七课Lesson 7

《第七课》 Lesson 7

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  • Dialogue
  • New Sentences
  • New words
  • Extensions
  • Excercises
Hello, my dear friends, in this lesson, I will take you to know our face, properly speaking, our Chinese face. Are you ready?
Ok ,the first one is “目” mù means eye
目:“目”字最早是由“眼皮”和“眼珠”两部分组成的“ ”。后写作“ ”因它容易与“四”字混淆,所以人们把它竖起来变成“ ”,并最终定形为“目”。一个人就是眼力再好,也不能用一只眼睛看到另一只眼睛。
In its primitive form the eye was pictured naturally with eyelids and pupil ( ). When stylised: ( ) its similarity to 四 (four) deceived man’s eye; so it was stood on end: ( ) and finally squared off:目. It would seem that even his very own eyes man could not see eye to eye.
This character is very easy to write. Let’s spell it together.
竖,横折,横,横,横。
接下来,看一下由目字组成的词语。
For example, 目光 mù guāng means sight; vision;view
目送 mù sòng watch somebody go
目标 mù biāo aim
目前 mù qián at present

The second one is our mouth.“口”read kǒu means mouth;opening
口:“口”字在最早的象形文字中是一张张开的嘴“ ”,后来演变成了一张笑开的嘴“ ”,最后变化为“ ”,并被简化为一个方块“口”。“口”字同时还有张开的意思。要小心“祸从口出”。
The character for mouth was originally a pictograph of an open mouth : ( ) broadening into a smile: ( ) and eventually stiffening : ( ) and contracting to a square : 口 . 口 also means an opening. But beware: “mischief comes from much opening of the mouth”.
口字怎么写呢? 竖,横折,横。
生活中,我们经常会说,
口才 kǒu cái eloquence
口号 kǒu hào slogan
口袋 kǒu dài pocket
口吃 kǒu chī stutter\

he next one is “舌”,our tongue. read shé
舌:中国有句谚语说:“舌头有如一把杀人不见血的利刃。”因此,早期的“舌”字便如一个伸出口外的叉形舌头( )。后来它演变成柔和的( )。最终在( )变得横平竖直之后,就成了今天所用的“舌”字。
“The tongue is like a sharp knife; It kills without drawing blood,” so warns the Chinese proverb. Exemplifying this early forms of the character show a forked tongue thrust viciously out of the mouth: ( ). It skillfully smoothens itself: ( ) and finally straightens: ( ) into the new form: 舌.
这就是舌的来历。现在你会写太了吗?
撇,横,竖,竖,横折,横。
我们经常会说,舌尖 shé jiān tip of tongue
舌头 shé tóu tongue
舌音shé yīn lingual sounds
The last one is our ear, 耳,ěr
耳:从远古时期人们就认识到了听觉的好坏也是智慧高低的一种表现,正如谚语中所言:“擅言者不如擅听者。”由此产生了象形文字“ ”,随后深化并定形为“耳”。虽然此字是由原先的“ ”演变而来,但已经丝毫看不出原先的形态了。
From time immemorial man discerned the wisdom of listening. He proclaimed from ear to ear the proverbial saying:”A good talker is inferior to a good listener.” The pictograph created for the listening ear began with a natural rendition: ( ) and ended with a stylized form: ( ) 耳. His talking about the listening ear began also with a natural rendition, but it doesn’t seem like ever ending in any form.
耳字怎么写的呢?
横,竖,竖,横,横,横。
这就是我们的ear. 耳朵 ěr duo
我们还经常会说到,
耳环 ěr huán earring
耳机 ěr jī earphone
现在我们学习了目(eye),口(mouth),舌(tongue),耳(ear)。是不是发现了没有nose呢?你能在课下自己找出来吗?



  • 1. 你来访的目的是什么?
    Pinyin:   Nǐ láifǎng de mùdì shì shénme? Meaning: What's the purpose of your visit?
  • 2. 这首歌曲是目前最流行的。
    Pinyin:   Zhè shǒu gēqǔ shì mùqián zuì liúxíng de. Meaning: This song is the most popular at present.
  • 3. 他英语口语很好。
    Pinyin:   Tā yīngyǔ kǒuyǔ hěnhǎo. Meaning: His spoken English is very good.
  • 4. 耐克的口号是“只管去做”。
    Pinyin:   Nàikè de kǒuhào shì "zhǐ guǎn qù zuò". Meaning: Nike's slogan is "Just do it".
  • 5. 我在前几天吃饭的时候不小心咬到了舌头。
    Pinyin:   Wǒ zài qián jǐtiān chīfàn de shíhòu bùxiǎoxīn yǎo dào le shétóu. Meaning: I bit a tongue not carefully when having a meal a few days ago.
  • 6. 这个耳环设计的如此精致。
    Pinyin:   Zhè gè ěrhuán shèjì de rúcǐ jīngzhì. Meaning: This earring is designed so delicate.

  • 1. 目的    mù dì
    noun. Meaning: purpose;aim; goal
  • 2. 口供    kǒu gòng
    noun. Meaning: testimony
  • 3. 口福    kǒu fú
    noun. Meaning: gourmet's luck
  • 4. 舌战    shé zhàn
    noun. Meaning: heated discussion
  • 5. 耳鸣    ěr míng
    noun. Meaning: tinnitus
  • 6. 耳目     ěr mù
    noun. Meaning: informer


  • 1. Stroke Order of Chinese Character (6)
    Meaning:       Setup enclosure without bottom, complete content before closing enclosure.This is typically applicable to characters with 4 sides of enclosure. Write the leftmost vertical, followed by the top horizontal with a turning at the right. Complete all the content before closing the bottom of enclosure. 口 kǒu means mouth;opening
    Example:    
  • 2. Organs of Our Head
    Meaning:       头 [tóu] head 脸 [liǎn] face 眼睛 [yǎn jing] eye 目 [mù] eye 耳朵 [ěr duo] ear 耳 [ěr] ear 鼻子 [bí zi] nose 鼻 [bí] nose 嘴巴 [zuǐ ba] mouth 口 [kǒu] mouth
    Example:    

  • 1. Please choice the right answer to describe the picture in Chinese.
    A. 嘴巴

    B. 耳朵

    C. 眼睛

    D. 鼻子

  • 2. Please choice the right answer to describe the picture in Chinese.
    A. 鼻子

    B. 眼睛

    C. 嘴巴

    D. 耳朵

  • 3. Look at he Chinese character, please choice the right one to match the meaning of pictuer.
    A. 口

    B. 目

    C. 耳

    D. 头

  • 4. Look at he Chinese character, please choice the right one to match the meaning of pictuer.
    A. 口

    B. 目

    C. 耳

    D. 头

  • 5. There is an organ in our mouth and it is very important for our pronunciation, what is that?
    A. 口

    B. 耳

    C. 舌

    D. 目

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