第六课Lesson 6

《第六课》 Lesson 6

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今天要学的汉字很有意思。在古代的中国,就创造了“家”这个汉字,这个汉字的起源却和一种动物有关,这种动物就是——猪。到底猪和家有什么关系呢?通过今天的学习你就会知道了。

In this lesson, we will learn some interesting characters. In ancient China, man created the character “家”(house), which have something to do with the animal, pig. 到底猪和家有什么关系呢?通过今天的学习你就会知道了。
Ok. The first one is “豕” 读作“shǐ” means pig.
Can you find out the meaning from the shape of “豕”?
豕:象形文字中用“一”来代表猪头。豕家的左半部分( )象征着猪的肚子和蹄子,右半部分( )则象征猪的后背及尾巴。猪给人以一种生活富足的感觉,因此有人认为人与猪合在一起就构成了衣食无忧的生活。这种共存关系恰好验证了一句俗话:“教师离不开书,穷人离不开猪。”
In this pictograph of a pig the head is replaced by a line(一). On the left are the belly and paws( ) and on the right the back and tail( ). The domestic pig might well symbolize prosperity to man, so closely knit and tied together were their lives. This interdependence probably gave rise to the proverbial saying:” The schoolmaster should not leave his books, nor the poor man his pig.”
Can you understand it now? ok. Let’s spell it together. 横,撇,弯勾,撇,撇,撇,捺。
The character “豕” is an ancient word, and now it is replaced by the character “猪”,such as,
猪肉 zhū ròu means pork
懒猪 lǎn zhū lazy pig
猪排 zhū pái pork ribs

下一个字“家”(jiā)
家:猪(豕 )呆在屋檐下( )就给人以“家”的感觉。
通过驯化,猪可以与人共同生活在一起。即使让它在屋内随意走动,也不会给热带来任何麻烦或不便。
A pig ( 豕) under the roof( )gave man his concept of home( ). Domesticated, the pig brought man no domestic trouble and was allowed freedom to wander about in the house.
现在知道“豕”和“家”的关系了吧。
家 means house or family. 读作jiā。
家字怎么写呢?
点,点,横勾,横,撇,弯勾,撇,撇,撇,捺。
对于这个家字,我们经常会说,
家乡 jiā xiāng 是native place的意思
家庭 jiā ting means family, house
家长 jiā zhǎng means parents

下一个和“家”很像,就是多了一个“女”字,读作jià, means to marry a man.
嫁:这个字是由“女”加上“家”字构成,表示一个女子结婚成家。该字只适合用于到了结婚年龄的女子。她们即将有自己的丈夫、自己的家及自己的家庭。
The character, derived by adding home( 家) to woman(女), provides an incentive for a girl to marry. It applies only to woman who, in marriage, adds to her possessions a husband, a home and a family.
女子成家(jiā)即为嫁(jià)。这个字怎么用呢?比如说,
出嫁 chū jià means be married
嫁娶 jià qǔ marriage
嫁妆 jià zhuāng trousseau
最后,我们看一下这个字怎么写。
撇点,撇,横,点,点,横勾,横,撇,弯勾,撇,撇,撇,捺。

女子嫁给一个男人后,就会成为这个男人的妻子。After a women marries a man, she would be his wife. 妻qī means wife.
妻:通常结婚后,男人会将一把扫帚( )交到妻子手中( ),让她拿管家庭一切事务。这就是“妻”字,一个挥动扫帚打扫房间的女子形象。
When man marries woman he puts a broom ( ) into her hand ( ) bestowing upon her the rulership of the house. Hence 妻:a wife-one who wields the broom, using it to take care of house and home.
我们一起看一下“妻”怎么写。横,横折,横,横,竖,撇点,撇,横。
我们经常会说,妻子 qī zǐ means wife
贤妻 xián qī good wife

今天就学和家庭有关的这四个字,豕,家,嫁,妻,你学会了吗?


  • 1. 我有一个温暖的家庭。
    Pinyin:   Wǒ yǒu yígè wēnnuǎn de jiātíng. Meaning: I have a warm family.
  • 2. 我的家乡在中国的东北.
    Pinyin:   Wǒ de jiāxiāng zài zhōngguó de dōngběi. Meaning: My hometown is in the northeast of China.
  • 3. 你愿不愿意嫁给我?
    Pinyin:   Nǐ yuàn bú yuànyì jiàgěi wǒ? Meaning: Would you like to marry me?
  • 4. 她嫁给了一个有钱人。
    Pinyin:   Tā jiàgěi le yígè yǒuqián rén. Meaning: She married a rich man.
  • 5. 妻子和我是大学同学。
    Pinyin:   Qīzi hé wǒ shì dàxué tóngxué . Meaning: My wife and I were classmates in college.
  • 6. 我和未婚妻当年一见钟情。
    Pinyin:   Wǒ hé wèihūnqī dāngnián yíjiàn zhōngqíng . Meaning:  I fell in love with my fiancee when we first met.
  • 7. 今天和妻小搬进了新家。
    Pinyin:   Jīntiān hé qīxiǎo bān jìn le xīn jiā . Meaning: I moved in my new house with my wife and children today.

  • 1. 猪油    zhū yóu
    noun. Meaning: lard
  • 2. 家具    jiā jù
    noun. Meaning: furniture
  • 3. 家务    jiā wù
    noun. Meaning: household chores
  • 4. 嫁入    jià rù
    verb. Meaning: get married
  • 5. 妻室    qī shì
    noun. Meaning: legal wife
  • 6. 猪肝    zhū gān
    noun. Meaning: pork liver


  • 1. The Chinese character component “犭”
    Meaning:        The Chinese character component“犭”usually was used in animal character. Like: 狗 [gǒu] dog 猪 [zhū] pig 猴 [hóu] monkey 狮 [shī] lion 狐 [hú] fox 狼 [láng] wolf
    Example:    
  • 2. General Rules of Stroke Order (5)
    Meaning:       From outside to inside. This is typically applicable to characters with 2 or 3 sides of enclosure. Write the outer enclosure first then followed by the content inside. 同 [tóng] same; similar
    Example:    

  • 1. Which of the following animal is 猪?
    A.

    B.

    C.

    D.

  • 2. Please translate the sentence into Chinese. “I have a warm family.”
    A. 我有一个家。

    B. 我有一个嫁。

    C. 我有一个温暖的嫁。

    D. 我有一个温暖的家庭。

  • 3. What Chinese character can you image from this picture?
    A. 好

    B. 家

    C. 嫁

    D. 安

  • 4. How to say fiancee(wife-to-be) in Chinese?
    A. 女婿

    B. 未婚婿

    C. 未婚妻

    D. 妻室

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