第五课Lesson 5

《第五课》 Lesson 5

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We all know the world is divided into two categories: men and women. Before, woman are in a low position, and now the women are working to change that inherent point of view, and feminism is becoming increasingly popular. Do you know how to say woman in Chinese? let’s learn it.
女读作nǚ., means women, girl, daughter.
女字是怎么来的呢?一起来看一下。

女:在最早的象形文字中,“女”字被描述为一个弓着腰的女子的形象(),后来为了书写的方便,“女”字被简化为一个女人谦恭地跪着的样子()。现在所用的女子则是一个站直腰身,大步追赶男人的女性姿态。
The original pictograph for woman is depicted her in a bowing position (). Apparently ,for ease in writing, man reduced this to a humbler from-a woman kneeling down ()-but but for long. The modern version 女 graphically portrays the big stride woman has taken to deep up with man.
现在会写“女”字了吗?我们一起来写一下,撇点,撇,横。
知道女字的意思了,那现在会用这个字吗?比如我们经常会说,
女人 nǚ rén woman
女士 nǚ shì lady
女儿 nǚ ér daughter
还有一个词就是“女子”。It also means women,lady.
But the character “子”is also a very important word. Let’s learn it together.
子:“子”字的形状源于一个伸张四肢的婴儿形象。后来经过演变,最终该字的形象仿佛一个用襁褓包住双腿的婴儿。显然对于中国父母来说,养好孩子的一个秘诀就是把孩子的身体包起来,使之一头湿,一头干。
This character for child originated from a representation of an infant with outstretched arms and legs. Eventually it was modified to one with legs swaddled in cloth bands. Evidently, to the Chinese parent, the secret of infant care lies in keeping one end wet and the other dry.
子 读作zǐ means infant, child, son. How to spell 子?
我们一起写 横勾,竖勾,横。
在交谈中我们经常会说到,子女 zǐ nǚ means children
子孙 zǐ sūn means young generations
孩子 hái zi means child

Ok,子字学完了。Do you know whether it is also a character after combining the character 女 with 子? The answer is yes. The character is 好.好:古人把表示女孩或女儿的“女”字与表示小孩或儿子的“子”合在一起形成一个字来表示友善或优秀的意思。对于一个男人来说,幸福莫过于拥有贤妻孝子。当然,如果他的妻子尽心抚养子女的话也是好的。
Man combined 女(girl or daughter) with 子(child or son) to form a character for goodness and excellence. From experience, he must have found his greatness happiness in the possession of a wife and a child or a son or a daughter. It is also good that his wife sticks his child.
是不是很有趣呢?好 读作Hǎo, means good, right, excellent.
会写女字,会写子字,那肯定就会写好了。
撇点,撇,横,横勾,竖勾,横。
在我们交谈过程中经常会用到好字,比如说,
好吃 hǎo chī delicious
好看 hǎo kàn good looking
好处 hǎo chù benefit; advantage

好,下面我们来看这节课最后一个和女字有关的字,安,
读作ān, means peace; contentment.
What is the relationship between the peace and woman? 一起来看。
安:汉语中把表示女人的“女”字与象征“家”的“()”合在一起表示安宁、评定的意思。经验告诉人们,安宁的日子源于一个男人在自家中最好只养一个女子,并且让她足不出户。
The character for peace and contentment is made up of woman () and roof (). Man conceived the idea that to attain peace he should have only one woman under the roof or confine her within the house.
这回知道了吧。那这个字怎么写呢?
点,点,横勾,撇点,撇,横。
安字怎么用呢?我们经常说的,
安全 ān quán safe, secure
安定 ān ding stable
安慰 ān wèi comfort; console

这节课就学这四个字:女,子,好,安。你都学会了吗?


  • 1. 在中国对年轻未婚女性应该叫女孩,而不是叫女人。
    Pinyin:   Zaì zhōngguó duì niánqīng wèihūn nǚxìng yīnggāi jiào nǚhái,ér búshì jiào nǚrén. Meaning: In China, people call the unmarried female as "girl" instead of "woman".
  • 2. 邻居家来了一个洋女婿。
    Pinyin:   Línjū jiā láile yígè yáng nǚxù. Meaning: Our neighbor's foreign son-in-law came to visit them.
  • 3. 这是谁家的小孩子?
    Pinyin:   Zhè shì shuí jiā de xiǎoháizi? Meaning: Whose is this child?
  • 4. 我要买一条新裤子。
    Pinyin:   Wǒ yào mǎi yìtiáo xīn kùzi. Meaning: I will buy new trousers.
  • 5. 早上好。
    Pinyin:   Zǎoshàng hǎo. Meaning: Good morning.
  • 6. 今天的午餐非常的好吃。
    Pinyin:   Jīntiān de wǔcān fēicháng de hǎochī. Meaning: The lunch of today was very delicious.
  • 7. 他已经安全地到达那里了。
    Pinyin:   Tā yǐjīng ānquán de dàodá nàlǐ le. Meaning: He has arrived there safely.
  • 8. “明天是新的一天”经常用来安慰那些遇到困难的人。
    Pinyin:   "Míngtiān shì xīn de yìtiān"jīngcháng yònglái ānwèi nàxiē yùdào kùnnán de rén. Meaning: "Tomorrow is anther day" is usually used to comfort somebody who is in trouble.

  • 1. 女孩子    nǚ hái zi
    noun. Meaning: girl
  • 2. 女王    nǚ wáng
    noun. Meaning: queen
  • 3. 子弹    zǐ dàn
    noun. Meaning: bullet
  • 4. 好感    hǎo gǎn
    noun. Meaning: good impression
  • 5. 好孩子    hǎo hái zǐ
    noun. Meaning: good chiid
  • 6. 不安    bù ān
    adjective. Meaning: uneasy; worried
  • 7. 安装    ān zhuāng
    verb. Meaning: install,assemble


  • 1. Ideogrammic compounds 会意字 huì yì zì
    Meaning:       Translated literally as logical aggregates or associative compounds, these characters symbolically combine pictograms or ideograms to create a third character. Commonly cited examples include the characters 休 xiū "rest", composed of the pictograms 人 rén "person" and 木 mù "tree", and also 好 hǎo "good", composed of the pictograms 女 nǚ "woman" and 子 zǐ "child". For example, the character 安 ān "peace", a combination of "roof" 宀 and "woman" 女, is commonly cited as an ideogrammic compound, purportedly motivated by a meaning such as "all is peaceful with the woman at home".
    Example:    
  • 2. 女子and子女
    Meaning:       女子 nǚ zǐ means lady,female 子女 zǐ nǚ means children
    Example:    
  • 3. 女儿 and 儿子
    Meaning:       女儿 nǚ ér means daughter 儿子 ér zǐ means son
    Example:    

  • 1. In China, people call the unmarried female as what?
    A. 女人

    B. 女孩

    C. 女儿

    D. 女子

  • 2. How to pronounce "好" in Chinese?
    A. hāo

    B. hao

    C. hǎo

    D. hào

  • 3. How to say "son in law" in Chinese?
    A. 女婿

    B. 女士

    C. 儿媳

    D. 子婿

  • 4. Which one is safe?
    A. 好

    B. 安

    C. 女

    D. 子

  • 5. What Chinese character can you image from this picture?
    A. 女

    B. 男

    C. 安

    D. 好

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