第四课Lesson 4

《第四课》 Lesson 4

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Summer is a very rainy season in China. And when it rains, it always accompanied by lightning and thunder. So in this lesion we will learn some characters about “rain” : rain, cloud, lightning, thunder, snow.

The first one, 雨(yǔ)读作yǔ, means rain.
We often say 雨水 yǔ shuǐ means rain water
雨季 yǔ jì rainy season
雨伞 yǔ sǎn umbrella
现在我们知道“雨”字怎么用了。那么它是怎么来的呢?
雨:“雨”这个字是由天空中()的云层里()垂直掉下来的雨点()组成的。不过不是所有的人都像求雨者那么喜欢下雨,正如谚语所言:“农民盼雨天,游客盼晴天。”
雨,the character for rain, is a picture of raindrops () falling vertically down () from a cloud () in the heavens (). Not all welcome the rain as shower of blessing from heaven for, as the saying goes, ”The farmer hopes for rain, the traveller for fine weather. ”
Ok 我们一起写一下雨这个字,横,竖,横折钩,竖,点,点,点,点。

雨字会写了吗?We know that before it rains, there is always some dark clouds. So, how to speak “cloud” in Chinese?
The character is 云(yún),我们一起写一下这个字:横,横,撇折,点。
这个云字怎么用呢?我们经常说,
云彩 yún cǎi means cloud
白云 bái yún means white cloud
云烟 yún yān means cloud and mist
好,下面来看一下云这个字的来历。
云:当湿热的蒸气()上升遇到低温,就会凝结成“云”。把“云”字和“雨”字合在一起就成了繁体字的“”。简体字中去掉了其中的“雨”字,把它简化为“云”。

When the humid and warm vapours () rise(上) and reach the colder regions they condense and forms clouds: 云 .Loading the clouds(云) with rain(雨) produce the regular form: () .The simplified version relieves the clouds ()of their load, reverting the character to its original form: 云。
Please imagine that it rains heavily, and tell me what will happen next. Will there be lightning and thunder?
Lets learn the character 电,read diàn .which means lightning or electricity.
Let’s spell it together. 竖,横折,横,横,竖折勾。
Ok .下面让我们看一下“点”这个字的来历。
电:一道闪“电”在“雨”中划过就形成看表示闪电的“电”字。闪电是一种可见的放电现象。“”也可以指一般的电。经过锐减,闪电还是在放电中失去了十三笔中的八笔,成了简体的“电”。
A streak of lightning (电) amidst the failing rain (雨) forged the character for lightning: () . Lightning being a visible discharge of electricity , () come to mean also electricity. Takes the path of least resistance ,discharging eight of its thirteen stokes to transeform itself into the simplified form: “电” .
现在知道电的来历了吧,那么“电”字怎么用呢?我们经常说,
电视 读作diàn shì means television
电话 读作diàn huà means telephone
闪电 读作shǎn diàn means lightning

The next is 雷 读作léi means thunder
我们先看一下 the origin of “雷”
雷:经验告诉人们,当一块雨云(雨)位于田地(田)上空的时候,闪电的吼声——“雷”就要想起来。最初的“雷”字由三个或者四个田自()组合起来表现雷声的回荡,对人们来说,雷声是靠闪电使人印象深刻的。
From experience, man knows that rain clouds (雨) over his fields (田) means thunder: 雷 ,the voice of lightning. The original versions of雷 has three or four fields () incorporated in a graphic pattern to express the reverberation of the thunder. To man, thunder is impressive, but it is lightning that does the work.
现在会写雷字了吗? 就是一个雨字加一个田字。
我们一起写一下:横,点,横折,竖,点,点,点,点,竖,横折,横,竖,横。
那么这个字怎么用呢?我们经常说,
雷雨 读作léi yǔ means thunderstorm
打雷 读作 dǎ léi to thunder
雷声 léi shēng means thunderclap

下面,学最后一个字,it rains in summer, while in winter,it snows.
雪 means snow. It read xuě. 说一些和雪有关的词语,
例如,雪花 xuě huā means snowflake
雪景 xuě jǐng means snow scenery
雪亮 xuě liàng means bright as snow
最后我们看一下雪子的来历。
雪: 此字的篆体是把“雨”和“彗”(扫帚之意)合在一起而成的,即“”。今天的“雪”字由“雨”和“”(简化的“彗”)组成。这两种字形很适合用来表示雪,既可以捧在手里()或扫帚扫(彗)的雨。
The seal character () associates rain雨with broom彗. The modern character 雪 relates rain雨to hand () (a contraction of彗,broom). Both versions fittingly symbolize snow, i.e. , rain雨which can be taken up in the hand ()or swept away by a broom(彗).
现在知道雪怎么写了吗?横,点,横折,竖,点,点,点,点,横折,横,横。

今天就学到这,等到下一个下雨天,你会用这些词吗?



  • 1. 要下雨了。
    Pinyin:   Yào xiàyǔ le. Meaning: It is going to rain.
  • 2. 今天晚上有暴雨。
    Pinyin:   Jīntiān wǎnshang yǒu bàoyǔ. Meaning: It will storm this evening.
  • 3. 天空中有很多云彩。
    Pinyin:   Tiānkōng zhōng yǒu hěnduō yúncǎi. Meaning: There are lot of clouds in the sky.
  • 4. 我喜欢看电视。
    Pinyin:   Wǒ xǐhuān kàn diànshì. Meaning: I like watching TV.
  • 5. 下雨天不要在有金属的地方走,小心触电。
    Pinyin:   Xiàyǔ tiān búyào zài yǒu jīnshǔ de dìfāng zǒu,xiǎoxīn chùdiàn. Meaning: Rainy day Do not take the place of metal, be careful of electric shock.
  • 6. 打雷了,要下雨了。
    Pinyin:   Dǎléi le, yào xiàyǔ le. Meaning: The thunder rumbles, it's going to rain.
  • 7. 天空中飘着雪花。
    Pinyin:   Tiānkōng zhōng piāozhe xuěhuā. Meaning: Floating in the sky and snow.
  • 8. 我喜欢堆雪人。
    Pinyin:   Wǒ xǐhuān duī xuěrén. Meaning: I like to make a snowman.

  • 1. 雨天    yǔ tiān
    noun. Meaning: rainy day
  • 2. 雨衣    yǔ yī
    noun. Meaning: raincoat
  • 3. 云层    yún céng
    noun. Meaning: layers of cloud
  • 4. 云霞    yún xiá
    noun. Meaning: rosy clouds
  • 5. 电脑    diàn nǎo
    noun. Meaning: computer
  • 6. 电报    diàn bào
    noun. Meaning: telegram; cable
  • 7. 雷达    léi dá
    noun. Meaning: radar
  • 8. 地雷    dì léi
    noun. Meaning: land-mine
  • 9. 雪崩    xuě bēng
    noun. Meaning: snowslide
  • 10. 雪花    xuě huā
    noun. Meaning: snow


  • 1. Describe the different kind of rain.
    Meaning:       大雨 [dà yǔ] a heavy rain 小雨 [xiǎo yǔ] sprinkle 中雨 [zhōng yǔ] moderate rain 暴雨 [bào yǔ] torrential rain; rainstorm
    Example:    
  • 2. Phono-semantic compounds 形声字 / 形聲字 xíng shēng zì
    Meaning:       形声字 / 形聲字 xíngshēngzì By far the most numerous characters are the phono-semantic compounds, also called semantic-phonetic compounds or pictophonetic compounds. These characters are composed of two parts: one of a limited set of characters called 'radicals', which are often graphically simplified and which suggests the general meaning of the character, and an existing character pronounced approximately as the new target word. Examples are 河 hé "river", 湖 hú "lake", 流 liú "stream", 沖 chōng "riptide" (or "flush"), 滑 huá "slippery". All these characters have on the left a radical of three short strokes, which is a simplified pictograph for a river, indicating that the character has a semantic connection with water; the right-hand side in each case is a phonetic indicator.
    Example:    

  • 1. How to say "raining day" in Chinese?
    A. 雪天

    B. 雷天

    C. 雾天

    D. 雨天

  • 2. Which one is “电” ?
    A.

    B.

    C.

    D.

  • 3. What clothes you should wear in raining day?
    A. 电衣

    B. 雨衣

    C. 雪衣

    D. 云衣

  • 4. Please choice the right pronunciation of 雪.
    A. xué

    B. xuě

    C. yuè

    D. yuē

  • 5. How to say "It is going to rain." in Chinese?
    A. 要下云了。

    B. 要下雪了。

    C. 要下电了。

    D. 要下雨了。

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