第三课Lesson 3

《第三课》 Lesson 3

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这节课主要讲日,月,明,旦,白五个汉字。日为太阳,月为月亮,日月为明,太阳升起,拂晓(旦)来临,黑夜即将变为白天。
In this lesson, we will learn 日,月,明,旦,白 five Chinese characters. 日 means sun, 月 means moon. Combining the 日 and 月 means bright. When the sun rise, dawn (旦) is coming,and begins to dispel the shadowy of night.




In every day, the sun rise and set, bringing the brightness to the world. Then the moon rising, making the night beautiful. In this lesson, we will learn the sun, the moon, bright and some other words .
The first one is 日 读作rì 。 日 means sun; day. Let’s spell it. 竖,横折,横,横。
Why Chinese write the sun as “日”? 我们一起来看一下。
日:“日”字的最初写法是在一个圆圈中点一个点。四面画上表示照耀大地的日光()。后来简化为“”再往后就成了“”,最后定形为“日”。对人来说,从日出到日落就为一天。太阳仿佛是在用一只眼睛看世界,因为它从来不给谁多些,或给谁少些。它总是不偏不倚地照到世界的每一个角落。
The sun was first depicted as a circle with an “eye” or centre and rays extending to the corners of the earth (). This was simplified to (), then modified : (日), and finally squared off: . Just as surely as its rising and setting mark the “day”() for man, the sun’s shining upon the wicked as well as the good demonstrates that it sees the whole world with one eye.
这就是“日”的来历。我们平时总会用“日”字组一些词语。
For example,日出 rì chū sunrise
日记 rì jì diary
日历 rì lì calendar

Ok ,the second one is 月,the moon.
月:人们最早用一轮新月的形状()作为表示月亮或农历月份的“月”字。后来人们用了两种表示由亏到盈的月亮图案来表示“”。即“”和倾斜后的“”。其后又将它演化为“月”。月光对置身其中的人来说,有是有着惊人的感染力。
To form the character for moon (or lunar month) man chose the crescent (). The original pictograph suggested two phases of a waxing new moon (). Tilting it : () and then directing it earthwards: 月exposed man to the influence of moonbeam radiation -with striking consequences.
月 读作yuè,means moon; month. 我们一起写一下这个字:撇,横折钩,横,横。
月字能组哪些词呢? 我们一起看一下。
月亮 yuè liàng moon
月光 yuè guāng moonlight
月饼 yuè bǐng mooncake

We have learned 日 and 月, Man combined the sun(日) and the moon (月) to produce an ideograph for bright, brilliant or enlightened. He called it: “ming (明)” and used it also for the brilliant Ming Dynasty of China which came in the wake of the Dark Ages of Europe. Today science and technology has ushered in the dazzling Space Age – with man very much enlightened and the future very much bedarkened.
明:人们把“日”和“月”结合在一起形成了表示光亮、灿烂或启迪的表意文字。人们称之为“明”。同时人们还将与欧洲黑暗时代同朝的中国成为“明朝”。今天,科学技术已经发展到了令人眼花缭乱的太空时代,但随着人类智慧的不断增长,人类的未来却越来越黑暗。
恩,这就是“明”字,读作míng,你会写“明”这个字了吗?就是一个日,加一个月。
好,我们来一起写一下。竖,横折,横,横;撇,横折钩,横,横。
明这个字怎么用呢?一起来看一下。
明亮 míng liàng shining ; bright
明智míng zhì wise
明天 míng tiān tomorrow

Then , the next one, 旦。
旦:每当太阳(日)从地平线(一)上升起时,拂晓(旦)来临了。谈及清晨,谚语中说:“早起三天,就等于多活一天。”人们日复一日地重复这句话,但却从不照做。
The daily appearance of the sun(日) above the horizontal line (一) gave man his concept of dawn. From the sun’s early rising rose the proverbial saying: “To get up early for three morning is equal to one day of time.” Man preached this-form the rising of the sun to its setting – but it never dawned on him to practice it.
旦 means dawn, daybreak. 读作 dàn let’s spell it. 竖,横折,横,横,横。
下面我们看一下关于“旦”的词语。
For example, 元旦 yuán dàn New Year’s Day
旦夕 dàn xī in a shot while
旦暮 dàn mù morning and evening

Ok .the last one, 白,读作bái, means clear, white, plain.
这个字怎么写呢?撇,竖,横折,横,横。
白:当旭日(日)东升,洒下第一缕光辉()之时,长夜的黑暗便被驱散,白天来到了。这就是表示清楚、光亮或指白颜色的“白”字。当人们容易理解某事时,这就是“明白”。
As the sun (日) peeps above the horizon its very first ray () begins to dispel the shadowy of night. Hence “”: the symbol for clear, white or pain. Man easily understands anything that is bright(明) and clear (白), so “bright and clear ” means to understand (明白).
那这个白字怎么用呢? 一起看一下,这些词语。
白色 bái sè white colour
白兔 bái tù white rabbit
坦白 tǎn bái frank; confess

这五个字都学完了。日,月,明,旦,白,你今天有收获吗?


  • 1. 我每天都写日记。
    Pinyin:   Wǒ měitiān dōu xiě rìjì. Meaning: I write down diary everyday.
  • 2. 日本的樱花很有名。
    Pinyin:   Rìběn de yīnghuā hěn yǒumíng. Meaning: The sakura in Japan is very famous.
  • 3. 在中国中秋节都吃月饼。
    Pinyin:   Zài zhōngguó zhōngqiūjié dōu chī yuèbǐng. Meaning: Everyone eats mooncakes at mid-autumn festival in China.
  • 4. 今天月亮是圆的。
    Pinyin:   Jīntiān yuèliàng shì yuán de. Meaning: The moon is roundish.
  • 5. 明天我要去逛街。
    Pinyin:   Míngtiān wǒ yào qù guàngjiē. Meaning: I will go shopping tomorrow.
  • 6. 这间屋子是明亮的。
    Pinyin:   Zhè jiān wūzi shì míngliàng de. Meaning: This room is bright.
  • 7. 一月一日是元旦。
    Pinyin:   Yīyuè yīrì shì yuándàn. Meaning: January First is New Year's Day.
  • 8. 我喜欢白天害怕黑夜。
    Pinyin:   Wǒ xǐhuān báitiān hàipà hēiyè. Meaning: I like daytime but fear of the night.
  • 9. 我最喜欢的颜色是白色。
    Pinyin:   Wǒ zuì xǐhuān de yánsè shì báisè. Meaning: The best colour I like is white.

  • 1. 日本    rì běn
    noun. Meaning: Japan
  • 2. 日光    rì guāng
    noun. Meaning: sunshine
  • 3. 月份    yuè fèn
    noun. Meaning: month
  • 4. 月球    yuè qiú
    noun. Meaning: the moon
  • 5. 明白    míng bái
    verb. Meaning: understand, clear
  • 6. 明朗    míng lǎng
    adjective. Meaning: bright and clear
  • 7. 花旦    huā dàn
    noun. Meaning: prima dona in opera
  • 8. 一旦    yí dàn
    adverb. Meaning: once, as soon as
  • 9. 白菜    bái cài
    noun. Meaning: Chinese cabbage
  • 10. 白费    bái fèi
    verb. Meaning: in vain, waste
  • 11. 白痴    bái chī
    noun. Meaning: idiocy


  • 1. Ideogrammic compounds 会意字 huì yì zì
    Meaning:       Translated literally as logical aggregates or associative compounds, these characters symbolically combine pictograms or ideograms to create a third character. For instance, combining 日 rì "sun" and 月 yuè "moon", the two natural sources of light, makes 明 míng "bright".
    Example:    
  • 2. General Rules of Stroke Order (3)
    Meaning:       From top to bottom.Write the stroke(s) or component(s) starting from the top and go downwards. 三 [sān] three
    Example:    
  • 3. General Rules of Stroke Order (4)
    Meaning:       From left to right.Write the stroke(s) or component(s) starting from the left and go rightwards. 明 [míng] bright; light
    Example:    

  • 1. How to describe the picture in Chinese?
    A. 月

    B. 日

    C. 明

    D. 旦

  • 2. How to describe the picture in Chinese?
    A. 日

    B. 月

    C. 明

    D. 旦

  • 3. Which of the following picture can describe the meaning of 明?
    A.

    B.

    C.

    D.

  • 4. Which of the choices is a kind of color?
    A. 日

    B. 月

    C. 白

    D. 旦

  • 5. How to say New Year’s Day in Chinese?
    A. 元日

    B. 元月

    C. 元旦

    D. 元明

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