第一课Lesson 1

《第一课》 Lesson 1

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Chinese characters are also very interesting. We will learn five characters. The first is “人”,“人”means man, person, human. And “人”read “rén”.
Ok .let us look at the origin of the word “人”.
人:象形字“人”所呈现出的是人体的侧面形态,从“人”字的演变中我们可以看出人进化的痕迹。自从诞生于这个世界,具备了手脚之后,原始人不得不通过徒手耕种()来维持生存。这就促使其直立行走()。在脱离了靠手脚的体力劳动后,人类开始只进行脑力劳动()。今天,人类在激烈的竞争中人连头都丢掉了,甚至连脚跟也立不稳了()

The pictographic profile of a person (人) presents an insight into his evolutionary development. Created from earth and equipped with hands and feet, lowly man eked out an existence from the ground with his hands ( ) to help him stand on his feet ( ), Discarding both hands and feet, he used only his head (). Today , in the race of the survival of the fittest, he loses his head completely () and finds himself barely able to keep his feet.

这回明白人这个汉字的来历了吧。现在的人,写作一撇,一捺,人。人的意思是person,那我们看看人这个字怎么用呢?
For example :人民rén mín(people)
人类rén lèi(mankind)
人才 rén cái (man of talent).

接下来,如果在人这个字上再加一笔,会构成什么字呢?“大”
大:一个双臂完全伸开的成年人,从正面看就是一个“大”字()。体现“大”的概念并不是人们的个头,而是靠人们那种喜形于色的表情,正如我们图中所示的那样,但这其中却不乏一些仅仅为炫耀的人。
The ideographic representation for “big” is simply a front elevation of a full-grown man with arms stretched out to the limit ( ).What conveys the idea of “big” is not the size of the man but his demonstrative gesture. Some of the assortment of characters pictured above are trying to shouw what “big” means. Others are merely trying to show off.
The character 大 means big, great. And it read “dà”. let us spell it.一横,一撇,一捺。大字可以组成哪些词呢?
例如,大家 dà jiā all (people)
大人 dà rén adult
大学 dà xué university
Note: in the word大夫,大read “dà”, 大夫 means medical doctor.


那如果再大字再加一笔会变成什么字呢? 天,夫,太。
好,我们先看天字,
天:这个字指的是人站稳脚跟的能力(人),伸展的双臂则代表了人的自负(即“大”)。在人们的双肩之上的部分即为“天”,意为上天,同时也可指代具有权威的人。由于出现在空
中的曙光象征着新的一天的开始,所以此字还可以用作指代时间的单位,即“一天”。
This stylised representation shows man’s ability to stand on his feet (人), extending his arms egotistically (大). But high above man (人), be he ever so great (大), stretches the heavenly firmament, filling the empty space above his shoulders and directing his footsteps. Hence : 天, meaning heaven-man’s rightful and authoritative head. Since the growing light of the sky ushers in the dawn of the day, 天came to mean also “day”.

天读作tiān, 天 means heaven, sky, day.
Let’s spell 天,横,横,撇,捺。下面讲一下天字组成的词语。
例如,天才 tiān cái genius
天空 tiān kōng sky
今天 jīn tiān today

The next one, 夫 fū 。
夫:一个年轻人(人),到了20 岁成年时(人),要用发夹(一)束发,并且戴上一顶有成年男子(夫)才能戴的帽子。获得尊称后,也就意味着成为了一个贵人,同时具备了成家立业的资格。因此“夫”字所指的是受人尊敬的男子或丈夫。

A youthful person (人),grown big (人) and attaining maturity at 20, used a hairpin (一) and was vested with the virile cap of manhood夫.Given an honourable name, he was considered a distinguished person, qualified as a prospective husband. Hence夫 means a distinguished person or husband.

(fū) means husband, distinguished person.
Let’s spell 夫,横,横,撇,捺。夫自怎么用呢?
例如 丈夫 zhàng fū husband
农夫 nóng fū farmer
夫妻 fū qī husband and wife

The last one. 太 tài

太:人们将“大”字下面加一横(一)构成了“大”这个表示最高级的意思的词。它的意思是太多了或超越极限了。当一系列喜事来临时,男人们又为他们的妻子冠以了一种近乎奉承的双音节的称呼叫“太太”。后来,人们又把一横改成了一个小点。

By underscoring “big”(大) with a line (一) man came up with a superlative character (大) meaning too much or over the limit. In the ecstasy of double happiness and the rapture of material bliss that followed, man betowed upon his wife a flattering title: 太太 a double emphasis. She lived up to it. Man thereafter reduced the underline to a teeny-weeny stroke太.

太 read tài,means too, over, excessive.
Let’s spell it. 横, 撇,捺,点。由太自组成的有哪些词语呢?
例如 太多 tài duō too many
太阳 tài yang sun

太平 tài ping peace

今天学习的五个字: 人, 大, 天, 夫, 太 。
你记住了吗?


  • 1. 世界的人口一直在增长。
    Pinyin:   Shìjiè de rénkǒu yìzhí zài zēngzhǎng. Meaning: The population of the world has been growing
  • 2. 你是中国人吗?
    Pinyin:   Nǐ shì zhōngguórén ma? Meaning: Are you Chinese?
  • 3. 大家正在屋里唱歌。
    Pinyin:   Dàjiā zhèngzài wūlǐ chànggē. Meaning: Everyone is singing in the room.
  • 4. 我想要一个大的房子。
    Pinyin:   Wǒ xiǎngyào yígè dà de fángzi. Meaning: I want to have a big house.
  • 5. 天空是蓝色的。
    Pinyin:   Tiānkōng shì lánsè de. Meaning: The sky is blue.
  • 6. 今天天气很好。
    Pinyin:   Jīntiān tiānqì hěnhǎo. Meaning: The weather is well today.
  • 7. 你丈夫是做什么工作的?
    Pinyin:   Nǐ zhàngfu shì zuò shénme gōngzuò de? Meaning: What's your husband's job?
  • 8. 他们两个是夫妻。
    Pinyin:   Tāmen liǎnggè shì fūqī. Meaning: They are couple.
  • 9. 这个盒子太小了。
    Pinyin:   Zhègè hézi tài xiǎo le. Meaning: This box is too small.
  • 10. 这是我的太太。
    Pinyin:   Zhè shì wǒ de tàitài. Meaning: This is my wife.

  • 1. 人格    rén gé
    noun. Meaning: personality
  • 2. 人口    rén kǒu
    noun. Meaning: population
  • 3. 大胆    dà dǎn
    adjective. Meaning: daring; bold
  • 4. 大厦    dà shà
    noun. Meaning: big building
  • 5. 天下    tiān xià
    noun. Meaning: the whole world
  • 6. 天真    tiān zhēn
    adjective. Meaning: naive; innocent
  • 7. 懦夫    nuò fū
    noun. Meaning: coward
  • 8. 夫人    fū rén
    noun. Meaning: wife
  • 9. 太空    tài kōng
    noun. Meaning: outer space; sky
  • 10. 太监    tài jiān
    noun. Meaning: eunuch


  • 1. 关于天气。About weather.
    Meaning:       We learn some words about weather, if someone asked “今天天气怎么样?”We can use the following words to answer: 很好 hěnhǎo very well 阴天 yīntiān overcast sky 多云 duōyún cloudy 晴朗 qínglǎng sunny 下雨 xiàyǔ to rain 下雪 xiàxuě to snow 刮风 guāfēng to blow
    Example:    

    1.   今天天气晴朗。

        Pinyin: Jīntiān tiānqì qínglǎng.

        Meaning: Today is sunny.


    2.   今天多云。

        Pinyin: Jītiān duōyún.

        Meaning: Today is cloudy.

  • 2. Pictograms 象形字 xiàngxíngzì
    Meaning:       Pictograms make up only a small portion of Chinese characters. While characters in this class derive from pictures, they have been standardized, simplified, and stylized to make them easier to write, and their derivation is therefore not always obvious. Examples include 日 rì for "sun", 月 yuè for "moon", and 木 mù for "tree" or "wood".
    Example:    
  • 3. General Rules of Stroke Order (1)
    Meaning:       Left-falling stroke before right-falling stroke. Write the left-falling stroke first then followed by the right-falling stroke.
    Example:    
  • 4.
    Meaning:       
    Example:    
  • 5.
    Meaning:       
    Example:    

  • 1. Which of the following one means person____.
    A. 大

    B. 太

    C. 天

    D. 人

  • 2. Which one is not the meaning of wife?
    A. 妻子

    B. 夫人

    C. 懦夫

    D. 太太

  • 3. Select the right one fill in the blank: A:今天天气怎么样? B:_______________.
    A. 今天阴天。

    B. 今天是星期天。

    C. 今天是十五号。

    D. 今天去逛街。

  • 4. Which of the following picture is 晴天?
    A.

    B.

    C.

    D.

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