第十课 王老师家有几口人Lesson 10 How people in Teacher Wang′s family

《第十课 王老师家有几口人》 Lesson 10 How people in Teacher Wang′s family

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对话
背景:In Teacher Wang′s house, Panpan、Xiaoyun and Tom were looking at the photos of Teacher Wang′s family.

小云:王老师家有几口人?
盼盼:四口人。
小云:这是王老师和他爱人吗?(指着两位老人的照片问)
盼盼:是。这是他儿子。(指着另一个年轻人说)
小云:王老师的爱人做什么工作?
盼盼:她是医生,在医院工作。
小云:王老师有女儿吗?
盼盼:没有。王老师有两个儿子。

Tom: These photos are so beautiful. Are they all Teacher Wang′s family members?
Panpan: Yes. We were just talking about them. At first, Xiaoyun asked “王老师家有几口人?” which means “How many people in Teacher Wang′s family?”. The sentences with “有” usually indicates possession.
“几口人” is used to ask about the number of people in the family only. My reply is “四口人。” which means “four people”.
Tom: So there are three people in my family, I can say “我家有三口人”,is it right.
Panpan: Right. Then Xiaoyun have another question “这是王老师和他爱人吗?” which means “Are these people Teacher Wang and his wife ?”. We can answer “是” or “不是” as the simplified reply of such a sentence with “是” , like “Yes” or “No” in English.
Tom: I see. Go ahead, please.
Panpan: Xiaoyun asked “王老师的爱人做什么工作?” which means “What do Teacher Wang′s wife do?”. “做什么工作” is used to ask about someone′s job. I answered “她是医生,在医院工作。” “医生” is “doctor”. “医院” is “hospital”.
Tom: You mean Teacher Wang′s wife is a doctor, and she is working in the hospital, right?
Panpan: Yeah. And, the last question from Xiaoyun is “王老师有女儿吗?” which means “Does Teacher Wang has a daughter ?”. The simplified reply of such a sentence can be “有” or “没有” which means “Yes, she has” or “No, she hasn′t” .
Tom: I heard you said “王老师有两个儿子。” .Is it means “Teacher Wang has two sons”?
Panpan: Yeah. You have a good understanding. But I think we still need a review.

(重新放一遍刚才的对话)

小云:王老师家有几口人?
盼盼:四口人。
小云:这是王老师和他爱人吗?(指着两位老人的照片问)
盼盼:是。这是他儿子。(指着另一个年轻人说)
小云:王老师的爱人做什么工作?
盼盼:她是医生,在医院工作。
小云:王老师有女儿吗?
盼盼:没有。王老师有两个儿子。

(盼盼在黑板旁边做最后的总结)
盼盼:At last, please follow me to read the key sentences.

王老师家有几口人? How many people in Teacher Wang′s family?
四口人。 Four people.
这是王老师和他爱人吗? Are these people Teacher Wang and his wife ?
是。 Yes.
这是他儿子。 This is his son.
王老师的爱人做什么工作? What do Teacher Wang′s wife do?
她是医生,在医院工作。 She is a doctor, and she is working in the hospital.
王老师有女儿吗? Does Teacher Wang has a daughter ?
没有。 No, she hasn′t
王老师有两个儿子。 Teacher Wang has two sons.

Now, do you master all of these sentences? Don′t forget to review , please.
Goodbye, everyone. See you next time!


  • 1. 王老师家有几口人?
    Pinyin:   Wáng lǎoshī jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén ? Meaning: How many people in Teacher Wang′s family?
  • 2. 四口人。
    Pinyin:   Sì kǒu rén . Meaning: Four people.
  • 3. 这是王老师和他爱人吗?
    Pinyin:   Zhè shì wáng lǎoshī hé tā àiren ma ? Meaning: Are these people Teacher Wang and his wife ?
  • 4. 是。
    Pinyin:   Shì. Meaning: Yes.
  • 5. 这是他儿子。
    Pinyin:   Zhè shì tā érzi . Meaning: This is his son.
  • 6. 王老师的爱人做什么工作?
    Pinyin:   Wáng lǎoshī de àiren zuò shénme gōngzuò ? Meaning: What do Teacher Wang′s wife do?
  • 7. 她是医生,她在医院工作。
    Pinyin:   Tā shì yīshēng ,tā zài yīyuàn gōngzuò 。 Meaning: She is a doctor, and she is working in the hospital
  • 8. 王老师有女儿吗?
    Pinyin:   Wáng lǎoshī yǒu nǚ’ér ma ? Meaning: Does Teacher Wang has a daughter ?
  • 9. 没有。
    Pinyin:   Méi yǒu. Meaning: No, she hasn′t.
  • 10. 王老师有两个儿子。
    Pinyin:   Wáng lǎoshī yǒu liǎng gè érzi 。 Meaning: Teacher Wang has two sons.

  • 1. 有    yǒu
    Verb. Meaning: there to be, to have
  • 2. 口    kǒu
    Measure Word. Meaning: a measure word for people in a family
  • 3. 爱人    àiren
    Noun. Meaning: wife, husband
  • 4. 儿子    érzi
    Noun. Meaning: son
  • 5. 做    zuò
    Verb. Meaning: to do,to make
  • 6. 工作    gōngzuò
    Verb or Noun. Meaning: to work; work, job
  • 7. 医生    yīshēng
    Noun. Meaning: doctor,physician
  • 8. 医院    yīyuàn
    Noun. Meaning: hospital
  • 9. 女儿    nǚ‘ér
    Noun. Meaning: daughter
  • 10. 没    méi
    Adverb. Meaning: not
  • 11. 个    gè
    Measure Word. Meaning: a measure word for general use


  • 1. 有 and 没有
    Meaning:       In Chinese 有 [yǒu] is a verb means have;exist;possess, it's opposite meaning is 没有 [méi yǒu]means not have; there is not; be without
    Example:    

    1.   我家有狗。

        Pinyin: Wǒ jiā yǒu gǒu.

        Meaning: My famliy has a dog.


    2.   他家没有狗。

        Pinyin: Tā jiā méiyǒu gǒu.

        Meaning: There is no dog in his family.


    3.   你没有他高。

        Pinyin: Nǐ méiyǒu tā gāo.

        Meaning: You are not as tall as he.

  • 2.
    Meaning:       和[hé] conjunction, means and.
    Example:    

    1.   我和爸爸。

        Pinyin: Wǒ hé bàba.

        Meaning: Me and my father.


    2.   爸爸和妈妈。

        Pinyin: Bàba hé māma.

        Meaning: Father and mather.


    3.   苹果和梨。

        Pinyin: Pinguǒ hé lǐ.

        Meaning: Apple and pear.

  • 3. 我家和我的家
    Meaning:       If a pronoun is followed by a noun place which pronoun is closely related like school,family,countey, then the 的de is not be needed. It is optional between two-character adjectives or nouns because of their close relationship.
    Example:    

    1.   我爸爸。

        Pinyin: Wǒ bàba。

        Meaning: My father.


    2.   我的爸爸。

        Pinyin: Wǒ de bàba。

        Meaning: My father.


    3.   我家。

        Pinyin: Wǒ jiā。

        Meaning: My home.


    4.   我的家。

        Pinyin: Wǒ de jiā。

        Meaning: My home.


    5.   新鲜空气

        Pinyin: Xīnxiān kōngqì。

        Meaning: Fresh air.


    6.   新鲜的空气

        Pinyin: Xīnxiān de kōngqì。

        Meaning: Fresh air.


  • 1. Which is the right picture can describe the following sentence. Tā shì yīshēng。
    A.

    B.

    C.

    D.

  • 2. Read the following question and choose the right answer. Wáng lǎoshī jiā yǒu jǐ kǒu rén ?
    A. Sì kǒu rén .

    B. Méi yǒu .

    C. Shì.

    D. Zhè shì tā érzi .

  • 3. Which is the right picture can describe the following sentence. Wáng lǎoshī yǒu liǎng gè érzi 。
    A.

    B.

    C.

    D.

  • 4. If Wáng lǎoshī shì yīshēng。 So, which is the place she should go to work.
    A. School

    B. Factory

    C. Agency

    D. Hospital

  • 5. How to answer the following question in Chines? Wáng lǎoshī yǒu nǚ’ér ma ?
    A. Zhè shì tā érzi.

    B. Méi yǒu.

    C. Wáng lǎoshī yǒu liǎng gè érzi.

    D. Tā shì yīshēng ,tā zài yīyuàn gōngzuò .

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