汉语拼音(2)Chinese Phonetic Alphabet (2)

《汉语拼音(2)》 Chinese Phonetic Alphabet (2)

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Panpan: Hi,everyone!Welcome to today's lesson. Tom can you give us today's task?
Tom: Thanks, Dr.Panpan.Today we have 5 letters to learn. they are i,u,f,d,t. First let's see “i”.
Panpan: What's this?(Dr.Panpan extend one finger in front of Tom)
Tom: It's a finger...
Panpan: No,I mean how many fingers I presenting you?
Tom: Only one.
Panpan: Yes.Today's first letter is “i”,which in Chinese reads “i”,“”,means "one".Read it.
Tom: “i”,“一”.
Panpan: Now extend one of your hand,how many fingers totly,Tom?
Tom: It's five.
Panpan: Yes,"five" in Chinese reads “u”,here the tone is the third tone“”-“”.Please read by yourself.
Tom: (reading)“u”,“wǔ”-“五”.
Panpan: Good.Look at this picture,there is a Buddha statue,which in Chinese is “f”,“佛”.Read after me.
Tom: (reading)“f”,“佛”,it can be spelled as “fo”,Dr.Panpan?
A:You are right,and here we choose the second tone,“”.Tom.Look at the flag on the wall,I think you know it.
Tom: I know,it's the German flag.But what's the relation to Chinese?
Panpan: Ok,German in Chinese reads"d",“dé”-“德” ,“德国”-dé guó.Try to read it.
Tom: (reading)“d”,“dé“-“德” ,“德国”(dé guó).
Panpan: Great.Can you see the ladder on your left hand?
Tom: Yes,I saw it.So what use is it?
Panpan: Firstly we see this letter“t”,which like the umbrella handle(picture showing).We add “i” after it forming “ti”,that's the Chinese pronounciation of "ladder".Read after me.“t”“t”“i”“tī”“梯”.
Tom: (reading)“t”,“t”-“i”,“tī”,“梯”.
Panpan: Excellent.Now we see some words.As we learned last lesson,you must learn to how to spell the words,initials and vowels.Tom,have a try.
Tom: Eh...(reading)“fi”“fu”“di”“du”“ti”“tu”.
Panpan: So smart,but we do not spell out “fi”,it can't spell out word.Follow me,everyone.You have 3 seconds to read after.
Panpan: “fu”“di”“du”“ti”“tu”.
Tom: (reading)“fu”“di”“du”“ti”“tu”.
Panpan: “f”+“u”=“fu”“父”“父亲”(father;fù qīn )Follow me!
Tom: (reading)“f”+“u”=“fu”“父”“父亲”
Panpan: “d”+“i”=“di”“弟”“弟弟”(brother;dì dì )
Tom: (reading)“d”+“i”=“di”“弟”“弟弟”
Panpan: “d”+“u”=“du”“肚”“肚子”(belly;dù zǐ )
Tom: (reading)“d”+“u”=“du”“肚”“肚子”
Panpan: “t”+“i”=“ti”“梯”“梯子”(ladder;tī zǐ )
Tom: (reading)“t”+“i”=“ti”“梯”“梯子”
Panpan: “t”+“u”=“tu”“图”“地图”(map;dì tú )
Tom: (reading)“t”+“u”=“tu”“图”“地图”
Panpan: Great.As we learned last time,try to read by different tones by yourself.Look at the board and read after the recording.Your have 3 seconds to read it.
Panpan: “fū(夫-man),fú(扶-help),fǔ(斧-ax),fù(父-father)”;
Tom: (reading)
Panpan: “dī(滴-drop),dí(笛-flute),dǐ(底-bottom),dì(弟-brother)”;
Tom: (reading)
Panpan: “dū(督-supervise),dú(毒-poison),dǔ(堵-block),dù(肚-belly),”;
Tom: (reading)
Panpan: “tī(梯-ladder),tí(提-raise),tǐ(体-body),tì(替-instead),”;
Tom: (reading)
Panpan: “tū(秃-bald),tú(图-map),tǔ(土-soil),tù(兔-rabbit)
Tom: (reading)
Panpan: Ok,so much for today.Practise more by yourself or with your parnter.Goodbye!
Tom: Bye-bye!


  • 1. “五一”一起去拜佛吧。
    Pinyin:   “Wǔ yī” yìqǐ qù bài fó ba. Meaning: Let's go to worship Buddha on "International Labour Day".
  • 2. 德国的首都是柏林。
    Pinyin:   Dé guó de shǒudū shì bólín. Meaning: The capital of Germany is Berlin.
  • 3. 爸爸和弟弟的肚子疼。
    Pinyin:    Meaning: Father anf brother have stomachache.
  • 4. 地图上有一只秃毛的兔子。
    Pinyin:   Dìtú shàng yǒu yì zhī tū máo de tùzi. Meaning: A bald rabbit is on the map.

  • 1. 一    yī
    量词(quantifier). Meaning: one
  • 2. 五    wǔ
    量词(quantifier). Meaning: five
  • 3. 德国    dé guó
    名词(Noun). Meaning: Germany
  • 4. 父亲    fù qīn
    名词(Noun). Meaning: father
  • 5. 弟弟    dì dì
    名词(Noun). Meaning: younger brother
  • 6. 梯子    tī zi
    名词(Noun). Meaning: ladder
  • 7. 地图    dì tú
    名词(Noun). Meaning: map


  • 1. Rules for placing the tone mark(1)
    Meaning:       Briefly, the tone mark should always be placed by the order--'a','o','e','i','u','ü', with the only exception being 'iu', where the tone mark is placed on the 'u' instead. Pinyin tone marks appear primarily above the nucleus of the syllable, for example as in kuài, where k is the initial, u the medial, a the nucleus, and i the coda. The exception is syllabic nasals like /m/, where the nucleus of the syllable is a consonant, the diacritic will be carried by a written dummy vowel.
    Example:    
  • 2. Rules for placing the tone mark(2)
    Meaning:       An algorithm to find the correct vowel letter (when there is more than one) is as follows: 1.If there is an "a" or an "e", it will take the tone mark. 2.If there is an "ou", then the "o" takes the tone mark. 3.Otherwise, the second vowel takes the tone mark.
    Example:    
  • 3. Rules for placing the tone mark(3)
    Meaning:       Worded differently, 1.If there is an "a", "e", or "o", it will take the tone mark; in the case of "ao", the mark goes on the "a". 2.Otherwise, the vowels are "-iu" or "-ui", in which case the second vowel takes the tone mark. If the tone is written over an i, the tittle above the i is omitted, as in yī.
    Example:    

  • 1. What does the picture look like? ( )
    A. i

    B. f

    C. t

    D. d

  • 2. Listen carefully and choose the right pronounciation of “弟弟“(dì dì).( )
    A.

    B.

    C.

    D.

  • 3. Choose the best answer filling the brackets. A:we'er lost in the forest.What can we do? B:Don't worry,take out our( )and see,we'll find the way.
    A. 父亲(fù qīn)

    B. 梯子(tī zǐ)

    C. 地图( dì tú )

    D. 肚子( dù zǐ )

  • 4. The follow words,choose one which has the same meaning with“爸爸”(bà bà).( )
    A. 妈妈(mā mā)

    B. 弟弟(dì dì)

    C. 婆婆(pó pó)

    D. 父亲(fù qīn)

  • 5. Read the dialogue,choose the best answer. A:I can pick the apples,they're too high.Could you bring me a ( )that I can touch the apples. B:Of course.
    A. 地图( dì tú )

    B. 梯子(tī zǐ)

    C. 肚子( dù zǐ )

    D. 弟弟(dì dì )

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